February 24 is the 55th day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 310 days left until the end of the year. In the 20th and 21st centuries, this day corresponds to February 11 of the Julian calendar.
What a holiday on February 24 / pixabay photo
On this day, the world celebrates the Day of Stripes and Spots, World Bartender Day, and the Birthday of the Lottery.
In Cuba – Independence Day, International Festival of Cuban Cigars, in Estonia – Independence Day, in the USA – Trading Card Day, Make Yourself Inconvenient Day, Corn Tortilla Day, Twin Peaks Day, in Thailand – National Day artist, in Canada – Anti-Hooliganism Day, in Romania, Moldova – Dragobet, in Mexico – Flag Day, in India – Customs and Excise Administration Day.
Commemorative dates of February 24, anniversaries and events
In 1466, the first official lottery was held in Bruges, Belgium, which was organized by the widow of the Flemish painter Jan van Eyck. By the way, according to the conclusions of historians and linguists, the word “lottery” comes from the Frankish “hlot”, which means “lot”. Then the word turned into the English “lot”, which means “destiny”. In Europe, the official history of lotteries began precisely with the raffle organized by Jan Van Eyck on the 25th anniversary of her husband’s death. Anyone who bought a ticket could try their luck to receive a cash prize. The collection was intended for the urban poor.
Almost simultaneously with the appearance of lotteries, abuses also began, and the draws themselves were often an ordinary fraud. But there were also positive moments in holding lotteries. Incomes from them often went to the benefit of the state. In Britain, lottery money has partially or fully financed projects such as the construction of the British Museum and the repair of bridges. In America, with the help of a lottery held by George Washington, a road was built through the Cumberland Mountains. And in Sydney, an opera house was built at the expense of gambling taxes.
Holding lotteries in different countries and at different times was either prohibited or allowed. Thus, in the USA in 1890, President Harrison together with Congress condemned lotteries as “fraudulent and immoral”. However, as soon as some state needed urgent replenishment of the treasury, lotteries were allowed again.
In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII, with his bull Inter gravissimas, announced the reformation of the calendar and the introduction of the Gregorian calendar, which is used today in most countries. Unlike the Julian calendar, which was introduced as early as 45 BC by Julius Caesar, the Gregorian calendar is considered clearer. By the 16th century, the Julian calendar, due to insufficient accuracy, was very different from reality: the spring equinox, the most important day for determining the Easter date, moved from March 21 to March 11. Popes Paul III and Pius IV tried to implement the project before Gregory XIII, but they did not achieve success. The preparation of the reform was carried out by the astronomers Christopher Clavius and Luigi Lilio on the instructions of Gregory XIII.
The results of their work were recorded in a papal bull. The new calendar came into force on October 4, 1582 and immediately at the time of its adoption shifted the current date by 10 days. From now on, the year was considered a leap year, i.e., it has 366 days, if its number is divisible by 4 without a remainder and is not divisible by 100, or if its number is divisible by 400 without a remainder. In addition, the rules for calculating the Christian Easter were modified. Thus, over time, the Julian and Gregorian calendars diverge more and more: by 1 day per century, if the number of the previous century is not divisible by 4. The Gregorian calendar reflects the true state of affairs much more accurately than the Julian calendar.
It gives a much better approximation of a tropical year. Only Catholic countries immediately implemented the instruction to switch to the new calendar: Italy, Spain, Portugal, France. The German principalities switched to the new style in 1700, England in 1752, the Russian Empire in 1918, Yugoslavia and Greece in 1925, and Vietnam only in 1967.
In 1852, the writer Mykola Gogol burned the second volume of his, as he called it, poem “Dead Souls”.
In 1902, in Great Britain, Dr. Lanchester patented a disc brake.
In 1938, Oral-B released the world’s first toothbrush with nylon fiber instead of natural bristles. Devices similar to a toothbrush were used in Asia, Africa, South America in the 4th-3rd centuries BC. The ancient Romans used special ointments and wooden sticks, as well as powders made from burned deer horn, to brush their teeth. In India, from ancient times to the present day, twigs of the neem tree have been used to brush teeth.
The first written mention of a toothbrush is found in the English press in the middle of the 17th century. And only in the 18th century did toothbrushes similar to the design we use now appear in Germany. But these brushes were natural – with the bristles of a wild boar. Then the unknown businessman Puppenkerger opened the first factory for the production of such brushes. They began to spread rapidly, first in Europe, and then throughout the world.
But the real revolution in the “dental” business happened with the invention of nylon. And on February 24, 1938, the world’s first artificial synthetic fiber toothbrush was released. Compared to nylon, natural bristles have a number of disadvantages, especially in terms of hygiene. Currently, the production of brushes with natural bristles in the world is practically stopped.
What a church holiday today
On February 24, the church honors the memory of the holy martyr Vlasii Sevastajsky / photo ua.depositphotos.com
On February 24, the Orthodox Church honors the memory of the holy martyr, Bishop Vlasius Sevastajskyi (Veles). Among the people, he is considered the patron saint of livestock. The saint was pious, healed people and worked miracles. The day is still called Vlasiev, or “Vlasiy is the horn of winter”. Vlasius was prayed for well-being in the house and household affairs, for healing from throat diseases and the danger of strangulation with a bone.
What can’t be done today
It is impossible to deceive – such actions lead to failures and diseases. Also, it was not difficult to work physically on this day.
Signs for February 24
Folk signs today / photo
Weather signs have existed since ancient times.
- many long icicles – spring will be late;
- thaw – there will be no more frosts;
- a lot of snow – soon spring will come and there will be a lot of greenery in May.
February 24, the name day
Zakhar’s, Vsevolod’s, Gavriil’s, Dmytro’s and George’s name days.